was obtained from Zhongshan Golden Bridge, Beijing, China. Secondary antibodies to mouse and rabbit IgG were purchased from Sigma, USA. SRT1720 was obtained from Selleck, USA, and nicotinamide was ob tained from Sigma, USA. They were dissolved in Rucaparib manufacturer double distilled water containing 10% ethanol and 40% polyethyl ene glycol 400 for intraperitoneal injection. Animals and regiments Thirty si female Kunming mice were purchased from Shantou University Medical College Laboratory Animal Center. After 4 weeks of adaptation, mice were randomly divided into three diet groups the normal control group fed ad libitum a stand ard rodent chow, the high fat group fed ad libitum a high fat chow purchased from Shanghai Laboratory Animal Center, and the CR group fed 70% of the food intake from the NC group.
We recorded daily food intake of the NC mice, and the food supply of the CR group was adjusted accordingly. After 4 months of high fat diet treatment, the HF mice were further randomly divided into three groups the con trol high fat diet group, the SRT1720 group the nicotina mide and SRT1720 group and every day with an intraperitoneal injection of nicotinamide. They were maintained on these treatments for 6 weeks. All of the mice were housed 2 in steel cages in a room with an ambient temperature of 22 C 2 C and a 12 hour light 12 hour dark cycle and had free access to tap water. All animal protocols were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Shantou University Medical College. Estrous cycle analysis Vaginal smears of all mice were taken daily between 9 00 and 10 00 A.
M. Vaginal cells were collected via a sterile cotton swab moistened with normal saline, and then placed on a clean glass slide. Stages were analyzed under the microscope and assessed based on vaginal cytology. A 4 to 5 day estrous cycle was determined to be a regular cycle, and a cycle duration Cilengitide of 5 days or 4 days was considered to be an irregular cycle. Preparation of ovarian sections The mice were weighed every four weeks. After 24 weeks, mice were anaesthetized at the diestrus phase of the cycle with pentobarbital sodium at 40 mg kg body weight, and sacrificed by cervical dislocation. Mouse perirenal fat was isolated and weighed and e pressed as visceral fat inde . Both ovaries of each mouse were removed and weighed.
One ovary was stored at ?80 C for Western blot analysis, and the other one was fi ed in 4% paraformaldehyde at room temperature for 4 hours, flushed under running water for 3 hours, then dehydrated through a series of con centrations Wortmannin of ethanol, cleared in ylene and embedded in paraffin. Ovarian sections of 4 um were prepared for hemato ylin and eosin staining. HE staining and follicle classification The sections were deparaffinized in ylene, hydrated with decreasing alcohol concentrations, and stained with HE using standard protocols. Sections were mounted using Canada balsam and observed under a light micro scope. Five representative sections from each ovary