Surgical repair for SUI can result in temporary AG-881 supplier VD in the minority of patients, highlighting the complex interplay that is emerging in the urethral bladder functioning complex in women. Conclusions: Women with impaired bladder emptying present with a wide range of LUTS, and PVR measurement is essential for diagnosis. OAB and VD can clearly coexist and accurate diagnosis of underlying pathophysiology is required. Recommendations for clinical practice and research are provided including: investigation of VD in women with OAB; evaluation of PVR values to determine appropriate therapy and identification of BOO. There is clearly a need for further research
into the impact of alpha-blockers in women with VD as well as an evaluation of PVR changes in women with OAB before
and after antimuscarinic therapy. Neurourol. Urodynam. CDK inhibitor 31: 422-428, 2012. (C) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is an effective bariatric procedure. The objective of this study is to describe a series of patients who were subjected to LSG and then developed gastric stenosis, with an emphasis on their treatment and a discussion of the possible underlying mechanisms. From January 2006 to October 2012, 717 patients with morbid obesity underwent LSG in our institution. Out of 717 patients, 571 (79.6 %) were women. The mean age was 36.9 years with a BMI of 37.3 kg/m(2). Five patients (0.69 %) developed gastric stenosis. Treatment of this website the stenosis
was endoscopic dilatations; however, one patient required a conversion to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Stenosis after LSG is rare but requires early diagnosis and treatment.”
“Objective: To test the impact of an advance letter on response and cooperation rates in a nationwide telephone survey, given previous inconsistent results.
Study Design and Setting: Within the context of a larger telephone survey, 1,000 Australian households were randomly selected to take part in this trial. Half were randomly allocated to receive an advance letter, whereas the remainder did not receive any advance communication. Response and cooperation rates were compared between the two groups.
Results: A total of 244 interviews were completed, 134 of which were with households that had been sent an advance letter. Intention-to-treat analysis revealed no significant difference in response between those who had received a letter and those who had not (26.8% vs. 22.0%, respectively). In addition, there was no significant difference between the groups in terms of either cooperation (78.4% vs. 79.7%) or response rate (56.3% vs. 57.9%), and no clear differences emerged in terms of the demographic characteristics of the two groups.
Conclusion: An advance letter was not seen to be effective in increasing response or cooperation rates in a nationwide telephone survey.