Although the studies by Bygren et al. (1996) indicate that regularly repeated cultural activities during long periods of life are associated with reduced mortality (even after adjustment for a number of possible confounding factors), the duration of such possible effects are largely unknown, particularly in relation to activities organised
at work. An additional aim of the present work is therefore to examine whether cultural activities at work may be predictive of improved health also in the near future (2 years, respectively). Finally, the question was raised whether cultural activity at work may be related to business cycle as it is mirrored in unemployment rates in the Swedish society. If so, does this have any consequence for the relationship between cultural activity at work and employee health? Study sample and methods The SLOSH (Swedish Longitudinal Palbociclib research buy Occupational Survey of Health) participants were originally recruited from the Swedish Work Environment Survey (SWES) which is conducted biennially by buy JQ-EZ-05 Statistics Sweden
(SCB) and consists of subsamples of gainfully employed people, aged GSK1210151A ic50 16–64 years, from the Labor Force Survey (LFS). These individuals were first sampled into the LFS through stratification by county of birth, sex, citizenship, and inferred employment status. The respondents to SWES 2003 and 2005 were invited to enroll in the SLOSH (Kinsten et al. 2007), which was initiated by the Stress Research Institute in 2006. The
total response rate in this first wave which included only the SWES Tangeritin respondents in 2003 was 65 %. The second data collection which included both the SWES 2003 and the SWES 2005 respondents was conducted in April 2008 by Statistics Sweden, on behalf of the Stress Research Institute at Stockholm University. A total of 18,734 individuals were mailed self-completion questionnaires in 2008, out of whom 9,756 (52 %) individuals responded. The total response rate of the study was however 11,441 (61 %), including non-working participants (not analysed in the present study). In 2010 the total response rate was 57 %. More detailed information about the cohort, response rate and characteristics of responders versus non-responders has been published elsewhere (Hanson et al. 2008; Nyberg et al. 2008; Kinsten et al. 2007; Hasson et al. 2011). In the samples studied in the present report the average response rate (among working subjects) was 60 %. There was no difference between responders and non-responders with regard to county of birth and citizenship. Numbers of participants as well as age and gender distributions are presented in Table 1. Data collection took place in April–May in all the three waves. Table 1 Characteristics of the study populations 2006 2008 2010 % women 55 56 56 Age 47.6 (11.6) 49.2 (11.6) 51.6 (11.5) Ln (income) 5.49 (0.55) 5.59 (0.51) 5.68 (0.54) Non-listening manager 2.16 (0.77) 2.15 (0.75) 2.20 (0.83) Demands 11.75 (2.70) 11.62 (2.61) 11.95 (2.