Figure PLX3397 solubility dmso 1 The experimental setup. Schematic view of the experimental

setup using NFES process and direct-write patterns on PPy-modified polystyrene Petri dish via the spin-cast method exhibiting electrical conductivity of 7.25 kΩ/square. Average diameter = 431.1 nm. Figure 2 Experiments showing controllability of NFES for chitosan/PEO fibers. (a) Parallel fibers with controlled 100-μm spacing. (b) A grid pattern with controlled 100-μm spacing. (c) Parallel fibers with controlled 20-, 40-, and 100-μm spacing, respectively. (d) Arc pattern with controlled 100-μm spacing. The scale bars are 100 μm. (e) Randomly distributed nanofibers deposited via conventional electrospinning at 20 cm/s with 15 kV. (f) The average fiber diameter with standard deviation for the patterns of (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e). Integrity of nanofibrous structure in water Since PEO is highly soluble in water [29], it is of practical interest to study the integrity of the nanofibrous structure in water. As shown in the optical images (OM) images in Figure  3, the CNF with our solution shows no significant change in the morphology of the parallel patterns after immersion

in deionized (DI) water at room temperature for the periods of 1 and 7 days, respectively. It is experimentally proven that the integrity of the fibrous structure using 5% chitosan NU7441 and 1% PEO can be

well retained in water. Figure 3 OM images of CNF. Morphologies of parallel CNF patterns (a) before and after immersion in DI water at room temperature for (b) 1 and (c) 7 days, respectively. Cell viability, selleck kinase inhibitor adhesion, and spreading Figure  4 shows the OM images of cell viability, adhesion, and spreading on various aligned CNFs. Figure  4a is a schematic illustration of the NFES-aligned CNF deposited on the same PPy substrate with different positioning densities with a controlled 20-μm (left) and 100-μm spacing (right), respectively. The advantage of using the same cell cultivation condition on the same substrate can be applied with two different nanofiber densities. Fiber densities in Figure  4b,c are approximately 50 fibers/mm2 (20-μm Amoxicillin spacing), and in Figure  4d,e, approximately 10 fibers/mm2 (100-μm spacing). Figure  4f,g shows cells seeded on nanofiber-free substrate for the purpose of comparison. The smaller images at the right upper corner are shown to reveal the orientation of the cells. Figure 4 OM images of HEK 293T cells seeded on PPy substrate covered with aligned CNF. (a) Schematic illustration of the NFES-aligned CNF of different positioning densities. (b, c) Approximately 50 fibers/mm2 (20 μm), (d, e) approximately 10 fibers/mm2 (100 μm), and (f, g) cells seeded on nanofiber-free solid substrate.

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