Synergy between carbon nanotubes and clay and the brominated fire retardant was studied by thermogravimetric analysis, microscale combustion calorimetry and cone calorimetry. Nanotubes are more efficient than
clay in improving the flame retardancy of the materials and promoting carbonization in the polystyrene matrix. Comparison of the results from the microscale combustion calorimeter and the cone calorimeter indicate that the rate of change of the peak heat release rate reduction in the microscale combustion calorimeter was slower than that in the cone. Both heat release capacity and reduction in the peak heat release rate in the microscale combustion calorimeter are important for screening the flame retardant materials; they show good correlations with the cone parameters, peak heat release rate and total heat released. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The R406 inhibitor characteristics of anaerobic digestion of pig manure from different growth stages were investigated. According to growth stage, batch experiments were performed THZ1 research buy using gestating sow manure (GSM), swine nursery with post-weaned piglet
manure (SNM), growing fattening manure (GFM) and mixed manure (MM) as substrates at four substrate concentrations (40, 50, 65 and 80 gVS/L) under mesophilic conditions. The maximum methane yields of MM, SNM, GSM and GFM were 354.7, 328.7, 282.4 and 263.5 mL CH4/gVS(added), respectively. Volatile fatty acids/total inorganic carbon (VFA/TIC) ratio increased from 0.10
to 0.89 when loading increased from 40 to 80 gVS/L for GFM. The modified Gompertz model shows a better fit to the experimental results than the first order model with a lower difference between measured and predicted methane yields. The kinetic parameters indicated that the methane production curve on the basis of differences in biodegradability of the pig manure at different growth stages. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) Galardin order is effective for acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT), but CDT remains partially effective for subacute DVT. The aim of this study was to conduct a prospective randomized controlled single-centre clinical trial to compare CDT alone with CDT with additional balloon dilatation for the treatment of iliofemoral DVT. The trial was performed between February 2007 and January 2011. Iliofemoral DVT patients lacking effective therapy before enrollment were randomly assigned either to CDT (control group) or to CDT with additional balloon dilatation (intervention group). Insufficiency Epidemiological and Economic Study-Quality of Life (VEINES-QOL), Severity of Venous Lower Limb Symptoms (VEINES-Sym), 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and Villalta scores were obtained at scheduled follow-up.