The total wave function fulfills the Pauli-principle across all borders and levels of electron correlation. We develop the associated response theory for this multi-level coupled cluster theory and present proof of principle applications. The formalism is an essential tool in order to obtain size-intensive complexity in the calculation of local molecular properties. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.”
“Aim: To examine whether danshensu could protect vascular endothelia in a rat model of hyperhomocysteinemia.\n\nMethods: The model was established this website by feeding rats with a methionine-rich diet (1 g.kg(-1)d(-1)) for 3 months. Immediately following
the discontinuation of methionine-rich diet, rats were treated with danshensu (67.5 mg.kg(-1)d(-1), po) or saline for 3 additional months. One group of rats receiving vitamin mixture (folic acid,
vitamin B12 and vitamin B6) was included as a positive control. One group of rats not exposed to methionine-rich diet was also included as a blank control. The expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) protein in the descending aorta was examined using immunohistochemistry MEK162 research buy and Western blot. Homocysteine and blood concentration of endothelin and nitric oxide (NO) was also examined.\n\nResults: Methionine-rich diet resulted in accumulation of “foam cells”, up-regulated expression of TNF-alpha and ICAM-1 in the descending aorta, and significantly increased serum homocysteine. Plasma endothelin concentration was significantly increased; NO was decreased. Danshensu treatment, either simultaneous to methionine-rich diet or afterwards, attenuated the above mentioned changes.\n\nConclusion: Chronic treatment with danshensu could prevent/attenuate the formation of atherosclerosis. Potential mechanisms include inhibited expression of representative proinflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules in arterial endothelia. Changes in homocysteine and circulating molecules that control vascular contraction/relaxation via endothelial cells (eg, endothelin Anlotinib research buy and NO) were also implicated.”
catalytic dehydration of fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) was investigated by using various rare earth metal trifluoromethanesulfonates, that is, Yb(OTf)(3), Sc(OTf)(3), Ho(OTf)(3), Sm(OTf)(3), Nd(OTf)(3) as catalysts in DMSO. It is found that the catalytic activity increases with decreasing ionic radius of rare earth metal cations. Among the examined catalysts, Sc(OTf)(3) exhibits the highest catalytic activity. Fructose conversion of 100% and a HMF yield of 83.3% are obtained at 120 degrees C after 2 h by using Sc(OTf)(3) as the catalyst. Moreover, the catalytic dehydration of fructose was also carried out in different solvents, for example, DMA, 1,4-dioxane, and a mixture of PEG-400 and water.