Up to now, a family of hierarchical α-Fe2O3 architectures
(microring , melon-like , columnar OSI-906 clinical trial , and nanotube  arrays; nanoplatelets ; peanut- , cantaloupe- , or urchin-like  nanoarchitectures, etc.) have been available. Most recently, novel hollow architectures (hollow fibers , hollow particles , hollow microspheres and spindles [37, 38], etc.) and porous nanoarchitectures (nanoporous microscale particles , mesoporous particles [40, 41], nanocrystal clusters , porous nanoflowers , etc.) have emerged as the new highlights in crystal growth. FK228 in vitro However, hollow or porous hematite nanoarchitectures were generally fabricated via a forced hydrolysis (100°C, 7 to 14 days) reaction , surfactant-assisted solvothermal process [38, 42], and hydrothermal-  or solvothermal-based  or direct  calcination (400°C to 800°C) methods. The reported methodologies exhibited drawbacks such as ultralong time or high energy consumption and potentially environmental malignant. It was still a challenge to directly acquire porous/mesoporous hematite nanoarchitectures via a facile, environmentally benign, and low-cost route. In our previous work, we developed a hydrothermal
synthesis of the porous hematite with a pod-like morphology or short-aspect-ratio ellipsoidal shape (denoted as ‘pod-like’ thereafter) in the presence of H3BO3. However, the process still needed to be optimized, the formation mechanism and the effect of H3BO3 were selleckchem not clear, ID-8 and properties and potential applications also needed to be further investigated. In this contribution, we report our newly detailed investigation on the optimization of the process and formation mechanism of the mesoporous nanoarchitectures based on the hydrothermal
evolution. In addition, the effect of H3BO3 was discussed, the optical and electrochemical properties of the as-synthesized hematite mesoporous nanoarchitectures as well as nanoparticles were investigated in detail, and the application of the as-synthesized mesoporous hematite nanoarchitectures as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries was also evaluated. Methods Hydrothermal synthesis of the hierarchical hematite nanoarchitectures All reagents, such as FeCl3·6H2O, NaOH, and H3BO3, were of analytical grade and used as received without further purification. Monodisperse α-Fe2O3 particles were synthesized via a coprecipitation of FeCl3 and NaOH solutions at room temperature, followed by a facile hydrothermal treatment of the slurry in the presence of H3BO3 as the additive. In a typical procedure, 1.281 g of H3BO3 was poured into 10.1 mL of deionized (DI) water, then 9.3 mL of FeCl3 (1.