“OBJECTIVE: The ideal ratio between liver graft mass and recipient body weight for liver transplantation in small infants is unknown; however,
if this ratio is over 4%, a condition called large-for-size may occur. Experimental models of large-for-size liver transplants have not been described in the literature. In addition, orthotopic liver transplantation is marked by high morbidity and mortality rates in animals due to the clamping of the venous splanchnic RSL3 chemical structure system. Therefore, the objective of this study was to create a porcine model of large-for-size liver transplantation with clamping of the supraceliac aorta during the anhepatic phase as an alternative to venovenous bypass.
METHOD: Fourteen pigs underwent liver transplantation with whole-liver grafts without venovenous bypass and were divided into two experimental groups: the ARRY-162 control group, in which the weights of the donors were similar to the weights of the recipients; and the large-for-size group, in which the weights of the donors were nearly 2 times the weights of the recipients. Hemodynamic data, the results of serum biochemical analyses and histological
examination of the transplanted livers were collected.
RESULTS: The mortality rate in both groups was 16.5% (1/7). The animals in the large-for-size group had increased serum levels of potassium, sodium, aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase after graft reperfusion. The histological
analyses revealed that there were no significant differences between the groups.
CONCLUSION: This transplant method is a feasible experimental model of large-for-size liver transplantation.”
“Our objective is to report an interesting case of a patient with known severe vertebrobasilar disease who presented with isolated bilateral middle cerebellar peduncle (MCP) infarction. Isolated infarction of the MCP is uncommon, occurring in roughly 0.12% of acute strokes. Isolated bilateral MCP infarction is extremely rare and has been described in only a few cases in the literature. The MCP is a watershed zone between the anterior inferior selleck products cerebellar artery and the superior cerebellar artery and its occurrence suggests hypoperfusion.”
“Cannabis has long been known to produce cognitive and emotional effects. Research has shown that cannabinoid drugs produce these effects by driving the brain’s endogenous cannabinoid system and that this system plays a modulatory role in many cognitive and emotional processes. This review focuses on the effects of endocannabinoid system modulation in animal models of cognition (learning and memory) and emotion (anxiety and depression). We review studies in which natural or synthetic cannabinoid agonists were administered to directly stimulate cannabinoid receptors or, conversely, where cannabinoid antagonists were administered to inhibit the activity of cannabinoid receptors.